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Milestone Checklist - 12-24 months

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Each baby is unique, with individual characteristics, different environments and varying social interactions, so it won’t come as a surprise to learn that there is a big range of what is considered “normal” when it comes to developmental milestones.

Congratulations, your baby is now a toddler! Toddlers are full of energy and seem to get into everything. This is an exciting time as you watch your toddler learn to walk and develop their communication skills and develop a sense of self. While the following developmental milestones are common to all children ages twelve to twenty-four months, when you observe, remember that all children develop at different rates.

If you have any concerns about your baby’s development, it’s important that you talk with your baby’s doctor or health care professional.

Your toddler’s physical development

From twelve to eighteen months, your toddler may:

  • Enjoy clapping hands in excitement or to mimic adults.
  • Walks with or without assistance.
  • Use a spoon to feed them self.
  • Crawls up and down stairs.
  • Stacks two objects one on top of the other.
  • Pulls off socks and shoes.
  • Like to push, pull, carry, and dump things. Toys such as balls, trucks, cars, and boxes are of great interest.
  • Scribbles without control.

From eighteen to twenty-four months, your toddler may:

  • Walk up and down stairs with help.
  • Walks on uneven surfaces with such as sand, pebbles, sloping surfaces, and uneven carpets with help.
  • Stands on one foot with help.
  • Runs reasonably well.
  • Rolls wheeled toys such as trains, cars, and trucks with ease.
  • Throw a ball.
  • Can feed self.

Your toddler’s social and emotional development

From twelve to eighteen months, your toddler may:

  • Shows signs of attachment to parents or other family members and cry briefly when left with a caregiver.
  • Play alongside other children without interacting with them.
  • Begins to imitate older siblings or peers
  • Shows signs of teasing adults A baby can tease by hiding his face and then revealing it with a huge smile.

From eighteen to twenty-four months, your toddler may:

  • Initiates separation from caregivers by wandering off to explore or attempt to communicate with her peers, and then look for “home base” or a significant adult to come back to.
  • Plays with other toddlers
  • Shows sense of trust that needs will be taken care of.
  • Shows attachment to significant adults.
  • Shows signs of stress when family member leaves but can’t understand that they will return.

Your toddler’s language development

From twelve to eighteen months, your toddler may:

  • Use gestures and actions such as pointing to get an adult’s attention, holding a brush to initiate hair brushing, waving to say bye-bye.
  • Says “mama” and “dada” with intention.
  • Uses one sound to stand for more than one gesture or object
  • Speaks in jargon or nonsense words
  • Understand many more words than they can say.

From eighteen to twenty-four months, your toddler may:

  • Say words that get attention such as “hi,” “bye,” and “uh-oh”.
  • Begin to express feelings using words such as sad, ouch, and mad.
  • Start putting words together in two to three word phrases.

Your toddler’s cognitive development

From twelve to eighteen months, your toddler may:

  • Understand that an object, such as a toy, exists even they can only partially see it.
  • Close doors
  • Follow simple commands from adults or older children
  • Turns pages in books

From eighteen to twenty-four months, your toddler may:

  • Begin to recognise colours by pointing or touching before she is able to say the names of the colours.
  • Enjoy placing objects into containers and using nesting toys.
  • Recognise self in a mirror