Milestone Checklist- 6-12 months

Milestone Checklist- 6-12 months

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This is an exciting time of development when they start to really show emotions and imagination. They are very busy learning about the people and things in their environment all the time.

This is an exciting time of development when they start to really show emotions and imagination. They are very busy learning about the people and things in their environment all the time.

Following on from our checklist for 0-6 months, here are the key milestones that you can expect for your baby's second six months. Remember that all babies will meet these milestones at different times, so this is a guide only. If you have any concerns about your baby's development, it's important that you talk with your baby's doctor or health care professional.

Your baby's physical development

From six to nine months, your baby may:

  • Transfer toys or other objects from one hand to another.
  • Use toes and hands to move.
  • Attempt to crawl with stomach touching the floor and heads and shoulders supported by their elbows.
  • Start to crawl on hands and knees.
  • Sit without support.
  • Pull themselves up into a sitting position.
  • Pick up small toys or objects with their thumbs and fingers.
  • Can be pulled up onto their feet to stand with support.

From nine to twelve months, your baby may:

  • Stand momentarily without support.
  • Walks with assistance by holding onto adults' hands or surrounding furniture.
  • They may walk briefly without assistance.
  • May walk alone on flat surfaces.

Your baby's social and emotional development

From six to nine months, your baby may:

  • Know the voices of important, familiar people.
  • Can tell when others are sad, happy, or angry by tone of voice.
  • Plays games such as peekaboo and pat-a-cake. They enjoy the element of surprise and the close interaction with family members and caregivers.

From nine to twelve months, your baby may:

  • Begins to feel separation anxiety and start to cry or fuss when family members or caregivers leave their sight.
  • Begins to feel anxiety in the presence of strangers and may cry or cling to caregivers.
  • Initiate social play, accompanied by laughter and high-pitched squeals.
  • Express emotions such as happiness, sadness, anger, and surprise through gestures, sounds, or facial expressions
  • Begin to use all of their senses to explore the environment around them.

Your baby's communication and language development

From six to nine months, your baby may:

  • Babble, making sounds, such as “goo” and “gaa”.
  • Experiments with vocalisations, sometimes, yelling or making loud, extended sounds when tired, and “ahhhhhhhhh” or “ehhhhhhhhh” sounds when happy.
  • Imitate the rise and fall of adult speech in their vocalisations.
  • Responds to own name
  • Understand simple words, commands, and phrases.

From nine to twelve months, your baby may:

  • Says at least one word
  • Gestures or points to communicate
  • Enjoy listening to songs, stories, or rhymes
  • Imitates sounds such as “Uh-oh!”.

Your baby's cognitive development

From six to nine months, your baby may:

  • explore cause and effect by banging, shaking, and throwing things.
  • Shows interest in objects with moving parts
  • Shows interest in playing games and begin to initiate games that they know and love.

From nine to twelve months, your baby may:

  • Respond to “no” and shake their head “no” in response to questions or instructions from adults.
  • Wave bye-bye
  • Know that objects exist when out of sight.
  • Engage in more intentional play such as running a train along a track or putting a ball in a basket.
  • Choose toys to play with.
  • Use objects such as hairbrushes and telephones with purpose.