The specific cause of morning sickness has not been determined, but it is believed to be due to a combination of factors, which may include:
- The hormonal fluctuations that take place in the early phases of pregnancy, including high oestrogen levels
- Blood pressure changes, especially low blood pressure
- Changes to the way the body metabolises carbohydrates (which may in turn affect blood sugar levels)
Although it is relatively common for women with morning sickness to feel anxious or have a low mood, it is a physical condition, and should not be considered ‘all in the mind’.